Recent Publications - No name

Multimodal imaging approach to examine biodistribution kinetics of Cabotegravir (GSK1265744) long acting parenteral formulation in rat

Date: 
12/28/17
Citation: 

Jucker BM, Alsaid H, Rambo M, et al. Multimodal imaging approach to examine biodistribution kinetics of Cabotegravir (GSK1265744) long acting parenteral formulation in rat. J Control Release. 2017;268:102-112. doi:10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.10.017. PMID: 29042321.

Long-Acting Parenterals (LAPs) have been used in the clinic to provide sustained therapeutic drug levels at a target site, and thereby reducing the frequency of dosing required. In an effort to understand the factors associated with long-acting cabotegravir (GSK1265744 LAP) pharmacokinetic variability, the current study was designed to investigate the temporal relationship between intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) drug depot morphology and distribution kinetics with plasma pharmacokinetics.

From in silico hit to long-acting late-stage preclinical candidate to combat HIV-1 infection

Date: 
12/26/17
Citation: 

Kudalkar SN, Beloor J, Quijano E, et al. From in silico hit to long-acting late-stage preclinical candidate to combat HIV-1 infection [published correction appears in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Mar 12;:]. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115(4):E802-E811. doi:10.1073/pnas.1717932115. PMID: 29279368; PMCID: PMC5789948.

Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) that target the viral polymerase have been a key component of the current HIV-1 combination drug regimens; however, these issues hamper them. Thus, the development of novel more effective NNRTIs as anti-HIV-1 agents with fewer long-term liabilities, efficacy on new drug-resistant HIV-1 strains, and less frequent dosing is crucial.

Health Topics: 

Long-acting intramuscular cabotegravir and rilpivirine in adults with HIV-1 infection (LATTE-2): 96-week results of a randomised, open-label, phase 2b, non-inferiority trial

Date: 
9/23/17
Citation: 

Margolis DA, Gonzalez-Garcia J, Stellbrink HJ, et al. Long-acting intramuscular cabotegravir and rilpivirine in adults with HIV-1 infection (LATTE-2): 96-week results of a randomised, open-label, phase 2b, non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2017;390(10101):1499-1510. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31917-7. PMID: 28750935.

The two-drug combination of all-injectable, long-acting cabotegravir plus rilpivirine every 4 weeks or every 8 weeks was as effective as daily three-drug oral therapy at maintaining HIV-1 viral suppression through 96 weeks and was well accepted and tolerated.

In Silico Dose Prediction for Long-Acting Rilpivirine and Cabotegravir Administration to Children and Adolescents

Date: 
5/24/17
Citation: 

Rajoli RKR, Back DJ, Rannard S, et al. In Silico Dose Prediction for Long-Acting Rilpivirine and Cabotegravir Administration to Children and Adolescents. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2018;57(2):255-266. doi:10.1007/s40262-017-0557-x. PMID: 28540638; PMCID: PMC5701864.

Long-acting injectable antiretrovirals represent a pharmacological alternative to oral formulations and an innovative clinical option to address adherence and reduce drug costs. Clinical studies in children and adolescents are characterised by ethical and logistic barriers complicating the identification of dose optimisation.

Long-acting combination anti-HIV drug suspension enhances and sustains higher drug levels in lymph node cells than in blood cells and plasma

Date: 
3/27/17
Citation: 

Kraft JC, McConnachie LA, Koehn J, et al. Long-acting combination anti-HIV drug suspension enhances and sustains higher drug levels in lymph node cells than in blood cells and plasma. AIDS. 2017;31(6):765-770. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000001405. PMID: 28099191; PMCID: PMC5345888.

Objective:
To determine if a combination of anti-HIV drugs-tenofovir (TFV), lopinavir (LPV), and ritonavir (RTV)-in a lipid-stabilized nanosuspension (called TLC-ART101) could enhance and sustain intracellular drug levels and exposures in lymph node and blood cells above those in plasma.

Design:
Four macaques were given a single dose of TLC-ART101 subcutaneously. Drug concentrations in plasma and mononuclear cells of the blood (PBMCs) and lymph nodes (LNMCs) were analyzed using a validated combination LC-MS/MS assay.

Health Topics: 

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Challenges for Long Acting Injectable Therapies: Insights for applications in HIV therapy

Date: 
8/1/16
Citation: 

Owen A, Rannard S. Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges for long acting injectable therapies: Insights for applications in HIV therapy. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2016;103:144-156. doi:10.1016/j.addr.2016.02.003. PMID: 26916628; PMCID: PMC4935562.

Many terms have been utilised to describe the LA approach and standardisation would be beneficial.  Ultimately, definitions will depend upon specific indications and routes of delivery.  This review focuses upon the critical importance of potency in achieving the LA outcome for injectable formulations and explores established and emerging technologies that have been employed across indications.

Long-Acting Injectable Preexposure Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention in South Africa: Is There a Will and a Way?

Date: 
5/15/16
Citation: 

Landovitz RJ, Grinsztejn B. Long-Acting Injectable Preexposure Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention in South Africa: Is There a Will and a Way?. J Infect Dis. 2016;213(10):1519-1520. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiv524. PMID: 26681779.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antiretroviral therapy (ART) use results in substantial improvements in HIV-related morbidity and mortality [1, 2] and leads to dramatic reductions in sexual transmission of HIV among heterosexual serodiscordant couples when ART suppresses HIV viremia in the infected partner [3]. 

Potential Clinical and Economic Value of Long-Acting Preexposure Prophylaxis for South African Women at High-Risk for HIV Infection

Date: 
5/15/16
Citation: 

Walensky RP, Jacobsen MM, Bekker LG, et al. Potential Clinical and Economic Value of Long-Acting Preexposure Prophylaxis for South African Women at High-Risk for HIV Infection. J Infect Dis. 2016;213(10):1523-1531. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiv523. PMID: 26681778; PMCID: PMC4837902.

For young South African women at risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is one of the few effective prevention options available. Long-acting injectable PrEP, which is in development, may be associated with greater adherence, compared with that for existing standard oral PrEP formulations, but its likely clinical benefits and additional costs are unknown.

New perspectives on nanotechnology and antiretroviral drugs: a ‘small’ solution for a big promise in HIV treatment?

Date: 
3/27/16
Citation: 

Corsi F, Fiandra L, Rizzardini G. New perspectives on nanotechnology and antiretroviral drugs: a 'small' solution for a big promise in HIV treatment?. AIDS. 2016;30(6):963-964. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000001026. PMID: 26807964.

In this issue, Li et al.[1] present a well designed multidisciplinary study, aimed to demonstrate the potential benefit of a multifunctional polymeric nanodevice for delivering HIV treatment.

Co-delivery of HIV-1 entry inhibitor and NNRTI shuttled by nanoparticles: cocktail therapeutic strategy for antiviral therapy

Date: 
3/27/16
Citation: 

Li W, Yu F, Wang Q, et al. Co-delivery of HIV-1 entry inhibitor and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor shuttled by nanoparticles: cocktail therapeutic strategy for antiviral therapy. AIDS. 2016;30(6):827-838. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000971. PMID: 26595538.

OBJECTIVES: 
Traditionally, the antiviral efficacy of classic cocktail therapy is significantly limited by the distinct pharmacokinetic profiles of partner therapeutics that lead to inconsistent in-vivo biodistribution.

Health Topics: 

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